The University of Michigan Brachial Plexus Program is a leader of evidence-based research on neonatal brachial plexus palsy. From rigorous study design to data analysis and interpretation, our mission is to forward research efforts to evaluate and improve patients’ overall function and quality of life, including physical, emotional, mental, and social aspects. Our interdisciplinary setting provides the collaborative opportunity to investigate the most innovative ideas that lie at the junction of different specialties. We hope to understand more about this condition and its diagnosis, evaluation and treatment. Your participation is very important, and your willingness to share your experiences will help physicians and researchers to provide better services to you and future NBPP patients. If you are an NBPP patient and you are interested in advancing the treatment of NBPP by sharing your experiences or participating in non-invasive studies, please call 734 936-5017.  


Current Areas of Investigation

  • Establishment of data to support the use of novel or controversial medical and surgical treatments
  • Development of facile evaluation/assessment methods
  • Evaluation of interdiscplinary clinics and the services they provide in the context of Patient-Family Centered Care
  • Development of nerve regeneration devices 
  • Development of evidence-based critical pathways for the treatment of NBPP infants
  • Assessment of the efficacy of novel computer game-based home therapy exercise regimens
  • Evaluation of novel radiological methods for diagnosing and treating NBPP patients
  • Evaluation of electrodiagnostic methods in the clinic and operating room
  • Assessment of the utility of multimedia patient educational tools
  • Evaluation of the psychosocial aspects of NBPP that affect quality of life       

Education and Training

The University of Michigan Brachial Plexus Program provides learning opportunities for patients, physicians, nurses, occupational/physical therapists, residents and medical students who are interested in learning more about this unique condition. Please call 734 936-5017 for more information.    

Selected Publications (full list provided upon request)

PubMed Articles →
  1. Rasmussen, Justice, Chang, Yang, Nelson. Home Exercise DVD Promotes Exercise Accuracy by Caregivers of Children and Adolescents with Brachial Plexus Palsy. PM&R (2013), doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2013.06.003.
  2. Chang, Justice, Yang. A Systematic Review of Evaluation methods for Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, Accepted in April 2013. In Press.
  3. Squitieri, Larson, Chang, Yang, Chung (2013) Medical Decision-Making Among Adolescents with Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy and their Families: A Qualitative Study. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013 Jun;131(6):880e-887e
  4. Murphy, Rasmussen, Hervey-Jumper, Justice, Nelson, Yang (2012) An Assessment of the Compliance and Utility of a Home Exercise DVD for Caregivers of Children and Adolescents With Brachial Plexus Palsy: A Pilot Study. PM R. 2012 Mar;4(3):190-197
  5. Yang, Chang, Chung. A systematic review of nerve transfer and nerve repair for the treatment of adult upper brachial plexus injury. Neurosurgery. 2012 Aug;71(2):417-429
  6. Vanderhave, Bovid, Alpert, Chang, Quint, Leonard, Yang (2012) Utility of electrodiagnostic testing and computed tomography myelography in the preoperative evaluation of neonatal brachial plexus palsy. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012 Mar;9(3):283-289.
  7. Hervey-Jumper, Justice, Vanaman, Nelson, Yang (2011) Torticollis Associated With Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy. Pediatr Neurol. 2011 Nov;45(5):305-310
  8. Malessy, Pondaag, Yang, Hofstede-Buitenhuis, Cessie, Gert van Dijk (2011) Severe Obstetric Brachial Plexus Palsies Can Be Identified at One Month of Age. PLoS One. 2011;6(10):e26193
  9. Squitieri, Steggerda, Yang, Kim, Chung (2011) A National Study to Evaluate Trends in the Utilization of Nerve Reconstruction for Treatment of Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011 Jan;127(1):277-283.
  10. Yang, L.J.-S., Anand, P, Birch, R.  (2005) “Limb preference in children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy”  Pediatr. Neurol. 33(1), 46-49.
  11. Watt, A.J., Niederbichler, A.D., Yang, L.J.-S., Chung, K.C. (2007) "Wilhelm Heinrich Erb, MD (1840-1921):  A Historical Perspective on Erb’s Palsy."  Plast Reconstr Surg. 119(7), 2161-2166
  12. Ulgen, B.O., Brumblay, H., Doyle, S.M., Chung, K.C., Yang, L.J.-S. (2008) "Augusta Dejerine-Klumpke, MD (1859-1927):  A Historical Perspective on Klumpke’s Palsy."  Neurosurgery, 63 (2):359-366.
  13. Bowerson, M., Nelson, V.S., Yang, L.J.-S. (2009) “Diaphragmatic Paralysis Associated with Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy" Pediatric Neurology, 42 (3):234-236.