Training the Next Generation of Cardiac Surgeons Since 1928
The University of Michigan was the first in the United States to offer a residency in thoracic surgery, built on the philosophy that this type of surgery is so complicated that residents need two years of special education in operating on the chest. The residency, pioneered by Dr. John Alexander, Michigan’s first Director of Thoracic Surgery, has become the educational standard for thoracic surgical residency training. As the institution that launched the first residency, Michigan is a national training model where education is a priority, not an afterthought. We have a nearly 90-year-old focus on educating future general thoracic and heart surgeons. Our goal has always been for our residents to be the best exposed and receive an education that allows them to perform at the highest level in thoracic surgery with hands-on experience. The Department has a long tradition of producing well trained, experienced surgeons who go on to be leaders in the field.
Offering Three Pathways of Training
Thoracic Surgery Residency
The traditional two-year thoracic surgery program is offered for those who have completed either a general or vascular surgery residency. It provides two years of cardiac & thoracic surgery training following general surgery.
Integrated Cardiothoracic Surgery Residency
The integrated program, which began in July 2013, is geared toward medical students who know they wish to become cardiothoracic surgeons. Instead of first completing general surgery training and then beginning a separate residency in cardiothoracic surgery, doctors enter a cardiothoracic residency directly out of medical school. This six-year program includes a variety of rotations in the early years, including general surgery, critical care, cardiac imaging, and other relevant surgical and non-surgical specialties. In 2016, the Michigan Department of Cardiac Surgery integrated program was one of only 26 such programs in the country.
Congenital Cardiac Surgery Residency
This residency, one of only 11 in the country approved by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, is geared toward those who want to specialize in neonatal patients and children. The year-long training follows seven to 10 years of residency training in general and thoracic surgery. Michigan is one of only nine programs in the country offering this residency program. The success of the program can be seen in its graduates—five now lead pediatric cardiac surgery programs across the country; a sixth leads a thoracic surgery section. Seven are directors of pediatric cardiac surgery program in their native countries.
The Michigan Difference
When you decide to become a resident at the University of Michigan Department of Cardiac Surgery, you join a culture of education. Because of the expertise found in every discipline, Michigan is considered one of the very best places to train.
Trainees are exposed to a wealth of clinical pathology and are able to learn from premiere faculty recruited nationally and internationally who have deep expertise in all branches of cardiac surgery.
Here are just a few examples:
- Dr. Steven F. Bolling is a world leader in mitral valve repair, one of the three busiest mitral valve surgeons in the country.
- Dr. G. Michael Deeb is a world leader in aortic valve surgery and led the team that implanted the first total artificial heart.
- Dr. Francis D. Pagani is a world leader in ventricular assist devices.
- Dr. Himanshu J. Patel is known for his pioneering work in treating aortic aneurysms.
- Dr. Richard G. Ohye leads one of the busiest congenital heart programs in the country.
Visit faculty profiles for more information on these and other leading cardiac surgery team members.
All the Basics and More
Residents and fellows experience the full scope of working in a department that performs cutting edge research and are directly involved in key studies, as well as clinical trials.
Cardiac surgery residents routinely publish in prestigious academic journals and have presented at national and international meetings.
Over the course of your time as a resident, you will be trained by the most skilled physicians. The faculty are experts and mentors committed to teaching and they provide the foundation for an outstanding training program. Residents are active participants in operations and become proficient in every aspect of the surgical process, from diagnosis to techniques required for surgery, as well as follow up clinical care.
Residents practice at premiere facilities, rotating between the Veterans Hospital, C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital, the Cardiovascular Center and the University Hospital. Residents appreciate the wide breadth of specialty, which allows them to learn about all aspects of heart surgery. This outstanding training has prepared residents well for the field of cardiac surgery. Michigan Cardiac Surgery residents regularly go on to become leading surgeons at the nation’s finest medical institutions.
A Unique Infrastructure Geared Toward Developing Practical Skills
The Department has a pool of support dedicated to providing residents with all the skills they need to succeed at Michigan and beyond. A full-time biostatician is on staff and residents have access to a rich database. Residents and fellows can test their presentations out before a faculty audience. This give the opportunity of refining them before heading to a national stage. A monthly Research in Progress seminar series allows both residents and faculty to present their ideas to their peers to get feedback.
A Nearly Equivalent Male/Female Ratio
Four out of 10 of the trainees are female. Ensuring women are well represented is especially challenging, since there is a shortage of women entering the field of cardiothoracic surgery; nationally only 18.7 percent are female, one of the lowest percentages of all specialties, according to the Association of American Medical Colleges. The higher number at Michigan is indicative of the Department’s highly qualified pool of applicants.
A Superb Medical School
Michigan’s Medical School is the first entry into one of the highest ranking medical institutions in the country, comprised of committed faculty in both the basic sciences and clinical arenas. Many medical school students stay to pursue their postgraduate training here. Summer research opportunities are available for medical students interested in cardiac and thoracic surgery.
A Livable Community
Ann Arbor is a small town with big town amenities. The hospitals are within an easy walking, biking or driving distance of numerous affordable places to live. The city offers everything from sporting events, to art and cultural activities and first-class restaurants. The town once known primarily for its academic prowess has topped many "best" lists, including Best Small Town Honeymoon Destinations, Best College Town for People Who Aren't in College, Best Sports Town, Most Walkable Town, one of the Ten Coolest Cities in the Midwest and Best Town for Young Families. There are over 100 restaurants in the downtown area alone, encompassing every type of cuisine, from Ethiopian to Chinese, South American, Irish and American fare. There are a plethora of artistic events, including stage performances and film festivals. A total of 157 picturesque city parks, perfect for walking, biking, jogging or picnicking, dot the landscape. Ann Arbor is only a half hour's drive from Detroit Metropolitan airport, a Delta hub. It’s just under an hour’s drive to Detroit, which has experienced a recent renaissance and is home to the major sports team as well as eclectic retail and upscale restaurants. For more information, visit "Living in Ann Arbor."
Our residents leave the Department of Cardiac Surgery well prepared to make a difference in the world of cardiac medicine. Some enjoy their time here that they chose to stay at Michigan making a significant impact in our department. Others have gone on to become national and international leaders in the field. Michigan Cardiac Surgery alums form a network of some of the most prestigious, highly regarded cardiac surgeons anywhere.
A sampling of former residents and their current paths include the following:
Dr. Michelle Ellis is now a cardiothoracic surgeon with MidMichigan Physicians Group and a member of the comprehensive heart and vascular team at MidMichigan Health with clinical interests in coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG), valvular heart surgery, thoracic aorta resection and repair, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) and arrhythmia surgery.
Dr. Jennifer Wan joined the Kaiser Permanente System in Northern California to do general thoracic surgery. Dr. Wan is particularly interested in the surgical treatment of thoracic tumors.
Dr. Steven Bibevski completed the congenital heart residency and joined the faculty at Joe DiMaggio Children's Hospital in Hollywood Florida. Dr. Bibevski has extensive experience in the treatment of all complex forms of congenital heart disease. Originally from Melbourne, Australia, Dr. Bibevski also completed a visiting fellowship at the Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne.
Dr. Jennifer Hirsch-Romano at the University of Michigan, completed her residency in 2005. Dr. Hirsh-Romano is one of the few female pediatric cardiac surgeons in the U.S. She is an Associate Professor of Cardiac Surgery and Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases.
Dr. Andrew Chang at the University of Michigan, completed his residency in 2002. Chang is a Distinguished Professor of Thoracic Surgery, Associate Professor of Surgery and Section Head of the Section of Thoracic Surgery. Dr. Chang is also now the director of the Thoracic Surgery Residency Program.
Dr. Sanjeev Aggarwal is at Saint Luke’s Hospital of Kansas City, Missouri. Saint Luke's is one of the premiere heart transplant centers in the world, having performed almost 700 heart transplants.
Dr. I-Wen Wang is at the Indiana University School of Medicine. A Cardiothoracic Transplant & Ventricular Assist Device Fellow in 2006, Dr. Wang is now with the Division of Cardiac Surgery at the Indiana University School of Medicine.
Logistics of a Cardiac Surgery Residency
For application details and deadlines, including information on how to apply for a medical license and state of Michigan drug prescribing certificate, visit the Department of Surgery Education Office.