October 20, 2021

New Publication from the the Castro/Lowenstein Labs!


Mutant isocitrate-dehydrogenase 1 (mIDH1) synthesizes the oncometabolite 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG), which elicits epigenetic reprogramming of the glioma cells’ transcriptome by inhibiting DNA and histone demethylases. We show that the efficacy of immune-stimulatory gene therapy (TK/Flt3L) is enhanced in mIDH1 gliomas, due to the reprogramming of the myeloid cells’ compartment infiltrating the tumor microenvironment (TME). We uncovered that the immature myeloid cells infiltrating the mIDH1 TME are mainly nonsuppressive neutrophils and preneutrophils. Myeloid cell reprogramming was triggered by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) secreted by mIDH1 glioma stem/progenitor-like cells. Blocking G-CSF in mIDH1 glioma–bearing mice restores the inhibitory potential of the tumor-infiltrating myeloid cells, accelerating tumor progression. We demonstrate that G-CSF reprograms bone marrow granulopoiesis, resulting in noninhibitory myeloid cells within mIDH1 glioma TME and enhancing the efficacy of immune-stimulatory gene therapy.