Michael Gaies

Michael Gaies, MD, MPH, MSc

Assistant Professor, Pediatric Cardiology


Dr. Gaies is an Assistant Professor in the Division of Pediatric Cardiology and the Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases. Dr. Gaies’ research focuses on outcomes for children with critical cardiovascular disease cared for in the cardiac intensive care unit, specifically those who have undergone cardiac surgery.

In 2009, Dr. Gaies led a team of investigators from the University of Michigan funded by the NICHD/NCRR to establish an international consortium of pediatric cardiac intensive care units and develop a clinical registry as a platform to study quality and outcomes for pediatric cardiac surgical patients. He is the founder and Executive Director of the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium (PC4), an international quality improvement collaborative that includes over 30 children’s hospitals.  Dr. Gaies is actively working with leaders of other clinical registry projects and quality improvement collaboratives in pediatric cardiac surgery and cardiology including the STS database, ACC IMPACT registry, and the ELSO registry.

His current research interests center on defining and understanding variation in clinical outcomes and health-care resource utilization across hospitals, measuring cardiac intensive care quality, and identifying the cardiac intensive care structure and process variables that drive observed variation. As a member of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy, Dr. Gaies collaborates with the team of researchers studying similar questions in adult surgical populations, and with those who direct regional and national quality improvement collaboratives.

Published Articles or Reviews

Gaies M, Pasquali SK, Donohue JE, Dimick JB, Limbach S, Burnham N, Ravishankar C, Ohye RG,Gaynor JW, Mascio CE: Seminal Postoperative Complications and Mode of Death After Pediatric CardiacSurgical Procedures. Ann Thorac Surg: 2016

Mahle WT, Nicolson SC, Hollenbeck-Pringle D, Gaies MG, Witte MK, Lee EK, Goldsworthy M, Stark PC,Burns KM, Scheurer MA, Cooper DS, Thiagarajan R, Sivarajan VB, Colan SD, Schamberger MS, Shekerdemian LS, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators.: Utilizing a Collaborative Learning Model to Promote Early Extubation Following Infant Heart Surgery. Pediatr Crit Care Med 17(10): 939-947

Werho DK, Pasquali SK, Yu S, Donohue J, Annich GM, Thiagarajan RR, Hirsch-Romano JC, Gaies M,ELSO Member Centers: Epidemiology of Stroke in Pediatric Cardiac Surgical Patients Supported WithExtracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Ann Thorac Surg 100(5): 1751-7, 2015.

Gaies M, Tabbutt S, Schwartz SM, Bird GL, Alten JA, Shekerdemian LS, Klugman D, Thiagarajan RR,Gaynor JW, Jacobs JP, Nicolson SC, Donohue JE, Yu S, Pasquali SK, Cooper DS: Clinical Epidemiologyof Extubation Failure in the Pediatric Cardiac ICU: A Report From the Pediatric Cardiac Critical CareConsortium. Pediatr Crit Care Med 16(9): 837-45, 2015.

Gaies M, Cooper DS, Tabbutt S, Schwartz SM, Ghanayem N, Chanani NK, Costello JM, Thiagarajan RR, Laussen PC, Shekerdemian LS, Donohue JE, Willis GM, Gaynor JW, Jacobs JP, Ohye RG, Charpie JR, Pasquali SK, Scheurer MA: Collaborative quality improvement in the cardiac intensive care unit: development of the Paediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium (PC4). Cardiol Young 25(5): 951-7, 2015.

Gaies MG, Jeffries HE, Niebler RA, Pasquali SK, Donohue JE, Yu S, Gall C, Rice TB, Thiagarajan RR: Vasoactive-inotropic score is associated with outcome after infant cardiac surgery: An analysis from the pediatric cardiac critical care consortium and virtual PICU system registries. Pediatr Crit Care Med 15(6): 529-537, 2014.

Gaies MG, Langer M, Alexander J, Steil GM, Ware J, Wypij D, Laussen PC, Newburger JW, Goldberg CS, Pigula FA, Shukla AC, Duggan CP, Agus MSD. Design and rationale of Safe Pediatric Euglycemia after Cardiac Surgery (SPECS): a randomized controlled trial of tight glycemic control after pediatric cardiac surgery. Pediatric Crit Care Med. 2013;14:148-56.

Agus MSD, Steil GM, Wpij D, Costello JM, Laussen PC, Langer M, Alexander JL, Scoppetuollo LA, Pigula FA, Charpie JR, Ohye RG, Gaies MG. Tight glycemic control versus standard care after pediatric cardiac surgery. New Engl J Med 2012;367:1208-19.

Gaies MG, Clarke NS, Donohue JE, Gurney JG, Charpie JR, Hirsch JC. Personnel and unit factors impacting outcome after cardiac arrest in a dedicated pediatric cardiac intensive care unit. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2012;13:583-8.