Research

Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine Researchers

Research performed within the Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine has greatly impacted our understanding of basic lung biology, disease pathogenesis, and targeted therapeutics. NIH grant funding for research within the Division exceeds 13 million dollars annually. Our investigative portfolio is comprehensive, with specific areas of emphasis including pulmonary inflammation, lung injury and repair, fibrotic lung disorders, host defense, lung transplantation, and lung cancer. 

New major areas of modern biology have emerged, including genetics/genomics, metagenomics, proteomics, metabolomics, stem cell biology, computational biology, and the microbiome. Researchers in the division participate in large multidisciplinary and multicenter disease-specific programs and networks in interstitial lung disease (IPFnet, COMET, LTRC), COPD (SPIROMICS, COPD gene, LTRC), and Acute Lung Injury (SCOR, SCCOR, ARDSnet). 

Emerging fields of patient-oriented research have been added or expanded, including health services research and sleep. Active areas of health services research include long-term functional outcomes in survivors of critical illness, nosocomial infection, delirium in the ICU, health care utilization, and health care policy.

Research Highlights

Pulse Oximeters Missed Low Oxygen Levels in More Black Veterans Than White Veterans

Researchers from the Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine evaluate measurement discrepancies by race between pulse oximetry and arterial oxygen saturation among inpatients not in intensive care.

Antibiotic Use and Sepsis Make Recent Improvements

Hallie Prescott, MD, MSc and team find that shortening the time to antibiotics administration for sepsis in 152 hospitals didn't result in antibiotic overuse.

A Decade Later, Some Veterans Find It Hard to Breathe

John Osterholzer, MD; Caroline Davis, MD; and team investigate better ways to test veterans that will allow physicians to find the physical cause of their life-altering symptoms.