Equal Medicine

Equal Medicine was created in 2017 in an effort to develop a forum for our residents to discuss and learn about issues of gender disparities in medicine and for residents to gain the skills to address gender bias when they encounter it in clinical settings. It also includes curricular programming to support our women residents to develop the skills needed to advance and thrive in academic medicine, seeks to facilitate mentoring relationships and to celebrate each other’s successes.

Program Founders

  • Aditi Ramikrishnan, MD (program graduate 2018)
  • Nicole Hadeed, MD (program graduate 2019)
  • Jennifer Lukela, MD (Associate Program Director)

2021-2022 Leadership Team

  • Sarah Uttal (CMR)
  • Mary Finta (HO3)
  • Chelsea Meloche (HO3)
  • Stephanie Spehar (HO3)
  • Kayla Secrest (HO2)

Recent and Upcoming Events

  • “Perfecting Your Pitch” - How to Own Your Awesomeness and Sell Your Expertise - Drs. Meloche and Lukela (and lots of excellent faculty facilitators!), September 24, 2021, 7-8:30 pm
  • 5th Annual Equal Medicine Negotiation Workshop (virtual) - featuring Mary Martin, FACHE, Chief Operating Officer, Duke University Hospital and a dream team of faculty discussants, December 3, 2021, 7-9:00 pm
  • “So You Want To Talk About Race” - a book chapter club exploring intersectional feminism (jointly sponsored with the Anti-Racism Book Club), February 7, 2022, 6-8:00 pm
  • Medical Careers and Infertility- more details to come, spring 2022

Recommended Resources

The below resources are recommended by the leadership team and discussants at recent events.


  • Ask For It - Linda Babcock and Sarah Laschever
  • Drop the Ball - Tiffany Dufu
  • The First 90 Days - Michael D Watkins
  • Expect to Win- 10 Proven Strategies for Thriving in the Workplace - Carla Harris
  • The Five Dysfunctions of a Team - Patrick Lencioni

Journal Articles

  • Hefner JL, Nembhard IM, Stephenson AL, Diehl AB, Dzubinski LM, McErlean M, Huppertz J, Sidhu M. An Exploration of Gender Bias Affecting Women in Medicine. Adv Health Care Manag. 2021 Dec 6;20. doi: 10.1108/S1474-823120210000020004. PMID: 34779186.
  • Sheffield V, Fraley L, Warrier G. Addressing Biased Patient Behavior: A Teachable Moment. JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Dec 1;181(12):1631-1632. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.5719. PMID: 34605854.
  • Gottlieb AS, Jagsi R. Closing the Gender Pay Gap in Medicine. N Engl J Med. 2021 Oct 20. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2114955. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 346700.
  • Billick M, Rassos J, Ginsburg S. Dressing the Part: Gender Differences in Residents' Experiences of Feedback in Internal Medicine. Acad Med. 2021 Oct 26. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000004487. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34709203.
  • Marcotte LM, Arora VM, Ganguli I. Toward Gender Equity in Academic Promotions. JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Sep 1;181(9):1155-1156. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.3471. PMID: 34251397.
  • Kransdorf LN, Hayes SN. What's in a Name? Nothing, (in PubMed) if You Change It! Mayo Clin Proc. 2021 Sep;96(9):2309-2311. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2021.04.019. Epub 2021 Aug 5. PMID: 34366136.
  • Wang T, Douglas PS, Reza N. Gender Gaps in Salary and Representation in Academic Internal Medicine Specialties in the US. JAMA Intern Med. 2021 Sep 1;181(9):1255-1257. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.3469. PMID: 34251403; PMCID: PMC8276130.
  • Sheffield V, Hartley S, Stansfield RB, Mack M, Blackburn S, Vaughn VM, Heidemann L, Chang R, Lukela JR. Gendered Expectations: the Impact of Gender, Evaluation Language, and Clinical Setting on Resident Trainee Assessment of Faculty Performance. J Gen Intern Med. 2021 Aug 17. doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-07093-w. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34405349.
  • Hawes AM, Gondy K. Sexual Harassment in Medical Education: How We Can Do Better. J Gen Intern Med. 2021 Dec;36(12):3841-3843. doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-06960-w. Epub 2021 Jun 18. PMID: 34145520; PMCID: PMC8642565.
  • Kaye EC. Misogyny in Medicine. N Engl J Med. 2021 Jun 17;384(24):2267-2269. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2103616. Epub 2021 Jun 12. PMID: 34133858.
  • Jagsi R, Fuentes-Afflick E, Higginbotham E. Promoting Equity for Women in Medicine - Seizing a Disruptive Opportunity. N Engl J Med. 2021 Jun 17;384(24):2265-2267. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2104228. Epub 2021 Jun 12. PMID: 34134182.
  • Gharzai LA, Griffith KA, Beeler WH, Burrows HL, Hammoud MM, Rodgers PE, Sabel MS, Carethers JM, Jagsi R. Speaker Introductions at Grand Rounds: Differences in Formality of Address by Gender and Specialty. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2021 Jul 1. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2021.0031. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34197213.
  • Lukela JR, Ramakrishnan A, Hadeed N, Del Valle J. When perception is reality: Resident perception of faculty gender parity in a university-based internal medicine residency program. Perspect Med Educ. 2019 Dec;8(6):346-352. doi: 10.1007/s40037-019-00532-9. PMID: 31728840; PMCID: PMC6904409.
  • Mullangi S, Jagsi R. Imposter Syndrome: Treat the Cause, Not the Symptom. JAMA. 2019 Aug 6;322(5):403-404. doi: 10.1001/jama.2019.9788. PMID: 31386138.
  • Stentz NC, Griffith KA, Perkins E, Jones RD, Jagsi R. Fertility and Childbearing Among American Female Physicians. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2016 Oct;25(10):1059-1065. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2015.5638. Epub 2016 Jun 27. PMID: 27347614.
  • Kolehmainen C, Brennan M, Filut A, Isaac C, Carnes M. Afraid of being "witchy with a 'b'": a qualitative study of how gender influences residents' experiences leading cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Acad Med. 2014 Sep;89(9):1276-81. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000372. PMID: 24979289; PMCID: PMC4146658.

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