Urinary Incontinence

Health Topics

[1] National Center for Health Statistics. Dietary Intake of Macronutrients, Micronutrients, and Other Dietary Constituents: United States, 1988–94. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11, Number 245. July 2002.

Prescriptions drugs

  • Pain medications, particularly those containing opiates
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Antispasmodics
  • Antidepressants
  • Antiparkinson drugs
  • Blood pressure medications (beta blockers and calcium channel blockers)
  • Diuretics
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Antiemetic (Nausea) medications
  • Antipsychotic drugs
  • Antihistamines

Causes of mechanical obstruction

  • Colon cancer
  • Strictures of the colon, rectum or anus
  • Adhesions (scar tissue from prior surgery)
  • Diverticulosis
  • External compression of the colon
  • Rectocele
  • Megacolon (Hirschsprung’s disease)
  • Anal fissure
  • Rectal outlet obstruction due to pelvic floor dyssynergia or anismus (abnormal muscle contraction and relaxation impairing the ability to expel stool from the rectum)
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Other conditions
    • Anxiety
    • Depression
    • History of physical or sexual abuse

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