Resident Research


In keeping with the University of Michigan’s reputation as a leading academic institution, the U of M PM&R Resident Research Program is designed to be productive and rewarding for residents with all levels of prior research experience. Prospective residents will find the program flexible and supportive with expert faculty willing to tailor the experience to their unique interests and prior research experience. 

Strengths & Features 

Dual Mentorship: residents work closely with both Clinical Faculty Mentors and Research Faculty Mentors. Dual Mentorship ensures that resident research is patient-centered, methodologically sound and ready to bridge the gap from bench to bedside. 

Institutional Resources: here at U of M, residents have access to powerful institutional resources, including data analytics, as well as personnel and funding to help them access data, implement research and facilitate interdisciplinary collaboration. 

Presentations: residents have the opportunity to present their projects at two annual research events-- James Rae Scientific Day and Theodore Cole Resident Research Day-- and are encouraged to submit abstracts to national conferences, including AAPM&R.

Protected Time: two research rotations (1 month each) are provided so that residents may focus on completing their projects away from clinical duties.

Leadership Opportunity: The position of Resident Research Lead is awarded annually to a senior resident who has demonstrated a special commitment to advancing the culture of resident research at U of M PM&R. The Resident Research Lead works closely with co-residents and faculty to ensure program quality, provides peer-mentoring to underclassmen and presents at least one research-based lecture during senior year.

  • Current Resident Research Leads (2019-2020):Brendan McNeish, MD PGY-III Email: and Stephan Pirnie, MD, PhD PGYIII Email: Please feel free to contact Brendan or Steve with any questions you might have about the resident research experience at U of M PM&R

  • Past Resident Research Lead: Trent Hall, DO (2018-2019)

Recent PMR Residents Publications (including abstracts) Completed during Residency 

Hurvitz EA, Marciniak CM, Daunter AK, et al. Functional outcomes of childhood dorsal rhizotomy in adults and adolescents with cerebral palsy. Journal of Neurosurgery Pediatrics. 2013;11(4):380-388.  
Peterson MD, Lukasik L, Muth T, et al. Recumbent cross-training is a feasible and safe mode of physical activity for significantly motor-impaired adults with cerebral palsy. Archives of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation. 2013;94(2):401-407. 
Fredericks W, Swank S, Teisberg M, Hampton B, Ridpath L, Hanna JB. Lower extremity biomechanical relationships with different speeds in traditional, minimalist, and barefoot footwear. Journal of sports science & medicine. 2015;14(2):276-283. 
Haapala H, Peterson MD, Daunter A, Hurvitz EA. Agreement between actual height and estimated height using segmental limb lengths for individuals with cerebral palsy. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. 2015;94(7):539-546. 
Ho J, Richardson JK. Rectus abdominis denervation after subcostal open laparotomy. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. 2015;94(5):e43-44. 
Smith SR, Reish AG, Andrews C. Cancer survivorship: a growing role for physiatric care. PM&R. 2015;7(5):527-531.
Bakshi R, Berri H, Kalpakjian C, Smuck M. The Effects of Local Anesthesia Administration on Pain Experience During Interventional Spine Procedures: A Prospective Controlled Trial. Pain Medicine. 2016;17(3):488-493. 
Bomalaski MN, Claflin ES, Townsend W, Peterson MD. Zolpidem for the Treatment of Neurologic Disorders: A Systematic Review. JAMA Neurology. 2017;74(9):1130-1139.
Bomalaski MN, Smith SR. Improved Arousal and Motor Function Using Zolpidem in a Patient with Space-Occupying Intracranial Lesions: A Case Report. PM&R. 2017;9(8):831-833.
Daunter AK, Kratz AL, Hurvitz EA. Long-term impact of childhood selective dorsal rhizotomy on pain, fatigue, and function: a case-control study. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 2017;59(10):1089-1095. 
Smith SR, Zheng JY. The Intersection of Oncology Prognosis and Cancer Rehabilitation. Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports. 2017;5(1):46-54. 
Leung J, Smith S, Kalpakjian C. Functional Outcomes of Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation in Patients with Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease. PM&R. 2018;10(6):567-572. 
McGrath R, Hall O, Peterson M, DeVivo M, Heinemann A, Kalpakjian C. The association between the etiology of a spinal cord injury and time to mortality in the United States: A 44-year investigation. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. 2018:1-9. 
Andrews C, Smith S, Schilling S, Kalpakjian C. The association of performance status and disease severity in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. In press. 
Hall O, McGrath R, Heinemann A, et al. The Burden of Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury in the United States: Disability-Adjusted Life Years. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. In press.
Peer Reviewed Abstracts 
Leung J, Smith SR. Poster 254 Outcomes of Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation for Chronic Graft-Versus-Host-Disease (cGVHD). PM&R. 2015;7(9, Supplement):S174-S175.
Castellanos J, Smith SR. Poster 279 Radial neuropathy exacerbated by ligamentous laxity in pregnancy and by chemotherapy: a case report. PM&R. 2016;8(9s):S251. 
Cheng R, Smith S, Kalpakjian C. Poster 25 Predicting return to medical service among dysvascular lower extremity amputees on an acute inpatient rehabilitation unit. PM&R. 2016;8(9s):S168-s169.

Bomalaski MN, Peterson M, Claflin E. Poster 228 Zolpidem for the treatment of neurologic disorders: a systematic review. PM&R. 2016;8(9s):S234-s235.

McConnell R, Zheng JY, Chadd EH, Kalpakjian C. Poster 79 Comprehension of visual displays of the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) in patients with spinal cord injury in acute rehabilitation. PM&R. 2016;8(9s):S187.

Sanders CM, Hornyak JE, Voss LM. Poster 458 Improvement of premorbid developmental delay following treatment of post traumatic hydrocephalus: a case report. PM&R. 2016;8(9s):S310.

Updated October 8, 2018 

Resident Testimonials

The Resident Research Program has allowed me to think critically to a greater degree when I am managing my project. The mentors work as a great sounding board to provide ideas, share experiences, identify barriers, and provide support for current projects.
- Joshua Startup, MD

The research experience has been a very rewarding opportunity for me. It has helped me become more aware of the other side of medicine as well as made me somewhat of an expert in a specific area as I have had to read research about a particular topic. I think it helps us grow as learning physicians to help improve patient care and outcomes. I would also say working with Dr. Bakshi has been fantastic! He is very supportive and offers very good insight into the entire process of a research project.
- Darin Scribner, DO