Barbara D. Reed, M.D., M.S.P.H., professor of family medicine

Barbara D. Reed, M.D., M.S.P.H.

Professor Emeritus

Department of Family Medicine
University of Michigan Medical School
1018 Fuller Street
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104-1213

Michigan Experts Profile

Biography

Dr. Reed is a well-known investigator and author on vulvovaginal disorders, particularly vulvodynia and recurrent vaginitis. Her primary research focus over the past several years has been on vulvodynia, including NIH-funded studies on epidemiology, sensory testing and immunological aspects of vulvodynia.

While Dr. Reed may have transitioned to Emeritus Faculty in early 2017, she maintains active participation in the research community, as an investigator and mentor. 

Areas of Interest

Research Interests
  • Epidemiology and pathophysiology of vulvodynia
  • Recurrent vaginitis (secondary)
  • Women's health with emphasis on vulvodynia and chronic vaginitis' 
Department Areas

Credentials

Medical School
  • M.D., Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Mo., 1978
Residency
  • University of Utah School of Medicine, Family Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1981
Advanced Degree
  • M.S.P.H., Public Health, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1984
Fellowship
  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Family Practice Faculty Development Fellowship, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1983
  • Faculty Development Fellowship in Geriatrics, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1988
Board Certification
  • Family Medicine

Grants

Current Research
  • Longitudinal Population-based Study of Vulvodynia, NIH/NHLBI, Principal Investigator

Published Articles via PubMed

Published Articles or Reviews

Key Publications
  1. Hampson JP, Reed BD, Clauw DJ, Bhavsar R, Gracely RH, Haefner HK, Harris RE. Augmented central pain processing in vulvodynia. J Pain, 2013;14(6):579-89.
  2. Zazove P, Meador HE, Reed BD, Gorenflo DW. Deaf persons' english reading levels and associations with epidemiological, educational, and cultural factors. J Health Commun, 2013;18(7):760-72.
  3. Legocki L, Aikens J, Sen A, Haefner H, Reed B. Interpretation of the Sexual Functioning Questionnaire in the presence of vulvar pain. J Low Genit Tract Dis, 2013;17(3):273-9.
  4. Reed BD, Harlow SD, Legocki LJ, Helmuth ME, Haefner HK, Gillespie BW, Sen A. Oral contraceptive use and risk of vulvodynia: A population-based longitudinal study. BJOG, 2013;120:1678-84.
  5. Reed BD, Legocki LJ, Plegue MA, Sen A, Haefner HK, Harlow SD. Factors associated with vulvodynia incidence. Obstet Gynecol, 2014;123:225-31.
Full List of Publications
  1. Reed BD, Lutz LJ, Zazove P, Ratcliffe SD. Compliance with acute otitis media treatment. J Fam Pract, 1984;19(5):627-32.
  2. Reed BD. Screening for gestational diabetes-analysis by screening criteria. J Fam Pract, 1984;19(6):751-5.
  3. Reed BD. Postpartum hemorrhage. Am Fam Phys, 1988;37(3):111-20.
  4. Reed BD, Huck W, Lutz LJ, Zazove P. Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Mycoplasma pneumoniae in children with and without pharyngitis. J Fam Pract, 1988;26(4):387-92.
  5. Lutz LJ, Zeluff G, Reed BD. Chronic compartment syndrome in a non-athletic elderly man. J Fam Pract, 1988;27(4):417-9.
  6. Reed BD, Lutz LJ. Household smoking exposure—association with middle ear effusions. Fam Med, 1988;20(6):426-30.
  7. Reed BD, Huck W, Zazove P. Differentiation of Gardnerella vaginalis, Candida albicans and Trichomonas vaginalis infections of the vagina. J Fam Pract, 1989;28(6):673-80.
  8. Reed BD, Slattery ML, French TK. The association between dietary intake and reported history of Candida vulvovaginitis. J Fam Pract, 1989;29(5):509-15.
  9. Huck W, Reed BD, French T, Mitchell RS. Comparison of the Directigen 1-2-3 Group A Strep Test with culture for detection of group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. J Clin Microbiol, 1989;27(8):1715-8.
  10. Reed BD, Huck W, French T. Diagnosis of group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus using clinical scoring criteria, Directigen 1-2-3 group A streptococcal test, and culture. Arch Int Med, 1990;150(8):1727-32.
  11. Spendlove DC, Reed BD, Whitman N, Slattery ML, French TK, Horwood K. Marital adjustment among housestaff and new attorneys. Acad Med, 1990;65(9):599-603.
  12. Reed BD, Huck W, Zazove P. Treatment of beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis with cefaclor or penicillin. Efficacy and interaction with beta-lactamase-producing organisms in the pharynx. J Fam Pract, 1991;32(2):138-44.
  13. Zazove P, Caruthers BS, Reed BD. Genital human papillomavirus. Am Fam Phys, 1991;43(4):1279-90.
  14. Reed BD, Jensen JD, Gorenflo DW. Physicians and exercise promotion. Am J Prev Med, 1991;7(6):410-5.
  15. Reed BD, Pierson CL. Evaluation of a latex agglutination test for the identification of Candida species in vaginal discharge. J Am Board Fam Pract, 1992;5(4):375-80.
  16. Reed BD. Risk factors for Candida vulvovaginitis. Obstet Gynecol Surv, 1992;47(8):551-60.
  17. Schmid J, Rotman M, Reed BD, Pierson CL, Soll DR. Genetic similarity of Candida albicans strains from vaginitis patients and their partners. J Clin Microbiol, 1993;31:39-46.
  18. Huck W, Reed BD, Nielsen RW, Ferguson RT, Gray DW, Lund GK, ZoBell DH, Moster MB. Cefaclor vs amoxicillin in the treatment of acute, recurrent, and chronic sinusitis. Arch Fam Med, 1993;2(5):497-503.
  19. Reed BD, Eyler A. Vaginal infections: Diagnosis and management. Am Fam Phys, 1993;47(8):1805-18.
  20. Reed BD, Zazove P, Gregoire L, Gorenflo DW, Lancaster WD, Ruffin MT IV. Factors associated with human papillomavirus infection in women encountered in community-based offices. Arch Fam Med, 1993;2(12):1239-48.
  21. Zazove P, Reed BD, Gregoire L, Gorenflo DW, Lancaster WD, Ruffin MT IV, Hruszczyk J. Presence of human papillomavirus infection of the uterine cervix as determined by different detection methods in a low-risk community-based population. Arch Fam Med, 1993;2(12):1250-8.
  22. Fernandez C, Sharrard RM, Talbot M, Reed BD, Monks N. Evaluation of the significance of polyamines and their oxidases in the aetiology of human cervical carcinoma. Br J Cancer, 1995;72(5):1194-9.
  23. Bissonnette V, Zazove P, Ruffin MT, Gorenflo DW, Gregoire L, Reed BD. Association between physical activity, sexual activities, and human papillomavirus infection in women in a community-based population. J Womens Health, 1996;4(5):579-85.
  24. Eyler A, Pierson C, Reed BD. Improved diagnosis of Candida Vulvovaginitis using Diamond’s Media Modified. J Womens Health, 1996;5(1):79-84.
  25. Lockhart SR, Reed BD, Pierson CL, Soll DR. Most frequent scenario for recurrent Candida vaginitis is strain maintenance with “substrain shuffling”: demonstration by sequential DNA fingerprinting with probes Ca3, C1, and CARE2. J Clin Microbiol, 1996;34(4):767-7.
  26. Reed BD. Colposcopy for cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions found on Papanicolaou smear. Arch Fam Med, 1996;5(10), 582-4.
  27. Reed BD. The association of urinary tract infection with a recent pelvic examination in women. Arch Fam Med, 1996;5(6), 361-2.
  28. Fetters MD, Fischer G, Reed BD. Effectiveness of vaginal Papanicolaou smear screening after total hysterectomy for benign disease. JAMA, 1996;275(12):940-7.
  29. Crump JR, Harrison RV, Rea M, Reed BD, Shope TC, Standiford CJ. Pharyngitis. Ann Arbor, MI: Office of Clinical Affairs, University of Michigan Health System, 1996. [available from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality at www.guideline.gov] [practice guideline]
  30. Sobel JD, Faro S, Force RW, Foxman B, Ledger WJ, Nyirjesy PR, Reed BD, Summers PR. Vulvovaginal candidiasis: Epidemiologic, diagnostic, and therapeutic considerations. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 1998;178(2):203-11.
  31. Zazove P, Reed BD, Gregoire L, Ferenczy A, Gorenflo DW, Lancaster WD. Low false-negative rate of PCR analysis for detecting human papillomavirus-related cervical lesions. J Clin Microbiol, 1998;36(9):2708-13.
  32. Reed BD, Ruffin MT, Gorenflo DW, Zazove P. The psychosexual impact of human papillomavirus cervical infections. J Fam Pract, 1999;48(2):110-6.
  33. Reed BD, Gorenflo DW, Gillespie BW, Pierson CL, Zazove P. Sexual behaviors and other risk factors for Candida vulvovaginitis. J Womens Health Gend Based Med, 2000;9(6):645-55.
  34. Reed BD, Haefner HK, Punch MR, Roth RS, Gorenflo DW, Gillespie BW. Psychosocial and sexual functioning in women with vulvodynia and chronic pelvic pain. A comparative evaluation. J Reprod Med, 2000;45(8):624-32.
  35. Haefner HK, Khoshnevisan MH, Bachman JE, Flowe-Valencia HD, Green CR, Reed BD. Use of the McGill Pain Questionnaire to compare women with vulvar pain, pelvic pain and headaches. J Reprod Med, 2000;45(8):665-71.
  36. Ford K, Wirawan DN, Reed BD, Muliawan P, Sutarga M. AIDS and STD knowledge, condom use and HIV/STD infection among female sex workers in Bali, Indonesia. AIDS Care, 2000;12(5):523-34.
  37. Ford K, Wirawan DN, Suastina SS, Reed BD, Muliawan P. Evaluation of a peer education programme for female sex workers in Bali, Indonesia. Int J STD & AIDS, 2000;11(11):731-3.
  38. Reed BD, Ford K, Wirawan DN. The Bali STD/AIDS Study: Association between vaginal hygiene practices and STDs among sex workers. Sex Transm Infect, 2001;77(1):46-52.
  39. Sobel JD, Kapernick PS, Zervos M, Reed BD, Hooton T, Soper D, Nyirjesy P, Heine MW, Willems J, Panzer H, Wittes H. Treatment of complicated Candida Vaginitis: Comparison of single and sequential doses of fluconazole. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 2001;185(2):363-9.
  40. Ford K, Wirawan DN, Reed BD, Muliawan P, Wolfe R. The Bali STD/AIDS study: Evaluation of an intervention for sex workers. Sex Transm Dis, 2002;29(1):50-8.
  41. Dalton VK, Haefner HK, Reed BD, Senapati S, Cook A. Victimization in patients with vulvar dysesthesia/vestibulodynia. Is there an increased prevalence? J Reprod Med, 2002;47(10):829-34.
  42. Sobel JD, Zervos M, Reed BD, Hooton T, Soper D, Nyirjesy P, Heine MW, Willems J, Panzer H. Fluconazole susceptibility of vaginal isolates obtained from women with complicated Candida vaginitis: Clinical implications. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 2003;47(1):34-8.
  43. Reed BD, Haefner HK, Cantor L. Vulvar dysesthesia (Vulvodynia). A follow-up study. J Reprod Med, 2003;48(6):409-16.
  44. Reed BD, Advincula, AP, Fonde KR, Gorenflo DW, Haefner HK. Sexual activities and attitudes of women with vulvar dysesthesia. Obstet Gynecol, 2003;102(2):325-31.
  45. Aikens JE, Reed BD, Gorenflo DW, Haefner HK. Depressive symptoms among women with vulvar dysesthesia. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 2003;189(2):462-6.
  46. Ford K, Reed BD, Wirawan DN, Muliawan P, Sutarga M, Gregoire L. The Bali STD/AIDS Study: HPV Infection among female sex workers. Int J STD AIDS, 2003;14(10):681-7.
  47. Reed BD, Gorenflo DW, Haefner HK. Generalized vulvar dysesthesia versus vestibulodynia – are they distinct diagnoses? J Reprod Med, 2003;48(11):858-64.
  48. Reed BD, Zazove P, Pierson CL, Gorenflo DW, Horrocks J. Candida transmission and sexual behaviors as risks for a repeat episode of Candida vulvovaginitis. J Womens Health, 2003;12(10):979-89.
  49. Reed BD, Crawford S, Couper M, Cave C, Haefner HK. Pain at the vulvar vestibule – a Web-based survey. J Lower Gen Tract Dis, 2004;8(1):48-57.
  50. Giesecke J, Reed BD, Haefner HK, Giesecke T, Clauw DJ, Gracely RH. Quantitative sensory testing in vulvodynia patients and increased peripheral pressure pain sensitivity. Obstet Gynecol, 2004;104(1):126-33.
  51. Haefner HK, Collins ME, Davis GD, Edwards L, Foster DC, Hartmann EH, Kaufman RH, Lynch PJ, Margesson LJ, Moyal-Barracco M, Piper CK, Reed BD, Stewart EG, Wilkinson EJ. The Vulvodynia Guide. J Low Gen Tract Dis, 2005;9(1):40-51.
  52. Adanu RM, Haefner HK, Reed BD. Vulvar pain in women attending a general medical clinic in Accra, Ghana. J Reprod Med, 2005;50(2):130-4.
  53. Reed BD. Vulvodynia. Female Patient, 2005;30(6):48-54.
  54. Reed BD. Vulvodynia–diagnosis and management. Am Fam Phys, 2006;73(7):1231-8, 1239.
  55. Bachmann GA, Rosen R, Pinn VW, Utian WH, Ayers C, Basson R, Binik YM, Brown C, Foster DC, Gibbons JM Jr., Goldstein I, Graziottin A, Haefner HK, Harlow BL, Spadt SK, Leiblum SR, Masheb RM, Reed BD, Sobel JD, Veasley C, Wesselmann U, Witkin SS. Vulvodynia: A state-of-the-art consensus on definitions, diagnosis and management. J Reprod Med, 2006;51(6):447-56.
  56. Reed BD, Caron AM, Gorenflo DW, Haefner HK. Treatment of vulvodynia with tricyclic antidepressants: Efficacy and associated factors. J Low Genit Tract Dis, 2006;10(4):245-51.
  57. Reed BD, Haefner HK, Harlow SD, Gorenflo DW, Sen A. Reliability and validity of self-reported symptoms for predicting vulvodynia. Obstet Gynecol, 2006;108(4):906-13.
  58. Reed BD, Sen A, Gracely RH. Effect of order on sensitivity testing in vulvodynia. J Reprod Med, 2007;52(3):199-206.
  59. Saunders NA, Reed BD, Haefner HK. McGill Pain Questionnaire findings among women with vulvodynia and chronic yeast. J Reprod Med, 2008;53(6):385-9.
  60. Reed BD, Haefner HK, Sen A, Gorenflo DW. Vulvodynia incidence and remission rates among adult women: A 2-year follow-up study. Obstet Gynecol, 2008;112(2):231-7.
  61. Reed BD, Cantor LE. Vulvodynia in preadolescent girls. J Lower Genit Tract Dis, 2008;12(4):257-61.
  62. Reed BD, Haefner HK, Edwards L. A survey on diagnosis and treatment of vulvodynia among vulvodynia researchers and members of the International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Diseases. J Reprod Med, 2008;53(12):921-9.
  63. Zazove P, Meador HE, Reed BD, Sen A, Gorenflo DW. Cancer prevention knowledge of people with profound hearing loss. J Gen Intern Med, 2009;24(3):320-6.
  64. Reed BD, Harlow SD, Sen A, Legocki LJ, Edwards RM, Arato N, Haefner HK. Prevalence and demographic characteristics of vulvodynia in a population-based sample. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 2012;206(2):170.e1-9.
  65. Zazove P, Meador HE, Reed BD, Sen A, Gorenflo DW. Effectiveness of videos improving cancer prevention knowledge in people with profound hearing loss. J Cancer Educ, 2012;27(2):327-37.
  66. Reed BD, Harlow SD, Sen A, Edwards RM, Chen D, Haefner HK. Relationship between vulvodynia and chronic comorbid pain conditions. Obstet Gynecol, 2012;120(1):145-51.
  67. Piper CK, Legocki LJ, Moravek MB, Lavin K, Haefner HK, Wade K, Reed BD. Experience of symptoms, sexual function and attitudes toward counseling of women newly diagnosed with vulvodynia. J Low Genit Tract Dis, 2012;16(4):447-53.
  68. Reed BD, Payne CM, Harlow SD, Legocki LJ, Haefner HK, Sen A. Urogenital symptoms and pain history as precursors of vulvodynia – a longitudinal study. J Womens Health, 2012;21(11):1139-43.
  69. Suzuki V, Haefner HK, Piper CK, O’Gara C, Reed B. Postoperative sexual concerns and functioning in patients who underwent lysis of vulvovaginal adhesions. J Low Genit Tract Dis, 2013;17(1):33-7.
  70. Hampson JP, Reed BD, Clauw DJ, Bhavsar R, Gracely RH, Haefner HK, Harris RE. Augmented central pain processing in vulvodynia. J Pain, 2013;14(6):579-89.
  71. Zazove P, Meador HE, Reed BD, Gorenflo DW. Deaf persons' english reading levels and associations with epidemiological, educational, and cultural factors. J Health Commun, 2013;18(7):760-72.
  72. Legocki L, Aikens J, Sen A, Haefner H, Reed B. Interpretation of the Sexual Functioning Questionnaire in the presence of vulvar pain. J Low Genit Tract Dis, 2013;17(3):273-9.
  73. Reed BD, Harlow SD, Legocki LJ, Helmuth ME, Haefner HK, Gillespie BW, Sen A. Oral contraceptive use and risk of vulvodynia: A population-based longitudinal study. BJOG, 2013;120(13):1678-84.
  74. Reed BD, Legocki LJ, Plegue MA, Sen A, Haefner HK, Harlow SD. Factors associated with vulvodynia incidence. Obstet Gynecol, 2014;123(2 Pt 1):225-31.
Book Chapters
  1. Reed BD. Chlamydia Trachomatis, (in) Conn’s Current Therapy, (ed) Rakel RR; W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 1988.
  2. Reed BD. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, (in) Primary Care; W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 1988.
  3. Reed BD, Lutz LJ, Ratcliffe S, Zazove P. Compliance with Acute Otitis Media Treatment, (in) Primary Care Research, (ed) Mack Lipkin et al, Rockefeller Foundation, New York, 1983.
  4. Reed BD. Sinusitis and Pharyngitis, (in) Family Medicine: Principles and Practice. 4th Edition; Springer-Verlag New York, LLC, New York, 1994.
  5. Reed BD. Sinusitis and Pharyngitis, (in) Fundamentals of Family Medicine. 1st Edition. (ed) Taylor RB; Springer-Verlag New York, LLC, New York, 1995.
  6. Reed BD. Vulvovaginitis, (in) Conn’s Current Therapy. 1996 Edition, (ed) Rakel RR; W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 1996.
  7. Reed BD. Vaginitis and Cervicitis, (in) Manual of Family Practice. 1st Edition. (ed) Taylor RB, Little, Brown and Company, New York, 1996.
  8. Reed BD. Vaginitis, (in) Essentials of Family Medicine. 3rd Edition. (ed) Sloan PD, Slatt LM, Ebell MH, Smith MA, Power D, Viera AJ; Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1998.
  9. Reed BD. Vaginitis and Cervicitis, (in) Manual of Family Practice. 2nd Edition. (ed) Taylor RB; Little, Brown and Company, New York, 2002.
  10. Reed BD. Vaginitis, (in) Essentials of Family Medicine. 4th Edition. (ed) Sloane PD, Slatt LM, Ebell MH, Jacques LB; Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 2002.
  11. Reed BD. Vaginitis, (in) Essentials of Family Medicine. 5th Edition. (eds) Sloane PD, Slatt LM, Ebell MH, Jacques LB, Smith MA; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 2007.
  12. Reed BD. Sexual Assault/Abuse and Its Link to Female Sexual Pain, (in) Female Sexual Pain Disorders: Evaluation and Management. 1st Edition. (eds) Goldstein A, Pukall C, Goldstein I, Binik Y; Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Hoboken, 2009.

Web Sites

Downloads

Dr. Barbara Reed's CV