July 30, 2018

New Research: Young Americans support gun regulation but not ban

New research in JAMA Pediatrics from Tammy Chang explores youth opinions about guns and gun control in the United States

Read about the latest research from MyVoice, a longitudinal text message survey platform, developed and led by Tammy Chang, M.D., M.P.H., M.S., assistant professor:

young people at rally clapping and holding signs against gun violence


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Teens and young adults support gun regulation, but not necessarily the ban of all guns, according to a new study led by Tammy Chang, M.D., M.P.H., M.S., assistant professor, published this week in JAMA Pediatrics.

“Like their adult counterparts, most youths are not asking to ban all guns or to repeal the Second Amendment,” said author Kendrin Sonneville, assistant professor at the U-M School of Public Health. “Rather, they support legislative action that they believe would make their country safer.”

“If you look at the news, you might think that all youth are against guns,” said study co-author Tammy Chang. “That’s simply not the case.”

Using MyVoice, a text messaging platform designed by a team led by Chang to gather fast and qualitative responses from youth ages 14-24, Sonneville and her team analyzed text responses to open-ended questions about gun control. Youth were recruited through Facebook and Instagram between July 2017 and January 2018.

READ MORE: MyVoice explained two ways, in TED talk and a new protocol publication

Of the 772 respondents (67 percent responded to the survey):

  • Two thirds were ‘pro’ or conditionally pro having guns at home.

  • Two thirds said gun control laws would decrease mass shootings.

  • A third felt gun control laws would not be enough to impact mass shootings.

“When you talk to a diverse group of youth, most are actually not against guns,” Sonneville said. “It’s not about the guns. It’s about their concerns about safety. Youth understand that bad people will get guns, but that much more comprehensive action needs to be taken to keep them safe.”

Lead author Murphy Van Sparrentak, researcher in the Department of Health Behavior Health Education at U-M’s School of Public Health, agreed.

“The majority of people said they would be interested in what gun control would do, but gun control can mean a lot of actions taken and more conversations happening.”

Chang said utilizing MyVoice allows researchers to gather information fast and comprehensively.

“MyVoice is a tool designed to understand the real-time thoughts and opinions of youth to inform policy,” Chang said. “This data was compiled three months ago. Unlike a lot of research that may take years, the stories from youth in our study are relevant today.”

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Currently, MyVoice investigators are conducting research on issues such as the opioid crisis, youth and sleep, transgender bathroom policies, and dietary supplements.

Article Citation: Sparrentak MV, Chang T, Miller AL, Nichols LP, Sonneville KR. Youth Opinions About Guns and Gun Control in the United States. JAMA Pediatrics. 2018. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1746.

Browse the latest clinical informatics and mixed methods research from the department of family medicine.